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hebrews 12:28 greek

January 1st,

Christ’s church = the Kingdom of heaven = the Kingdom of God. The reign of Christ has a twofold application. Greek. Verse: The Lord is the defender of my life. Heb 12:29: For our God is a … Alas, how blind men still are as to what constitutes the true glory of Christ's kingdom, namely, that it is a spiritual one, advanced by spiritual means, for spiritual persons, and unto spiritual ends. It signifies, second, a reign or the exercise of royal authority. The reading is from St. Paul's Letter to the Hebrews 12:28-29; 13:1-8. ... Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary; William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews … Greek. Heb 12:28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: Heb 12:29 Daniel 2:44. Serve God; perseveringly, to whatever troubles it may expose us. Hence also John said, "It is the last hour" ( 1 John 2:18), which had not been true if another dispensation is to follow the one we are now in. And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall … and. Let us continue in this state and thus be enabled to offer our priestly service unto God (Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 13:15). The phrase "as of things that are made" is elliptical, needing the added words "made" (by hands) to bring out its sense. It is purely a spiritual regime, regulated by the Truth. "Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe." Grace is the very foundation of the kingdom which cannot be moved. In John's Gospel (which gives the spiritual side of things more than do the first three Gospels, being specially written to and for believers), there is a most significant word after the account of our Lord's regal entry into Jerusalem on the back of an ass: "These things understood not His disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of Him" ( John 12:16). Of the three terms the word "kingdom" is the most flexible and has the widest range in its N.T. Hebrews 12:28: Frozen Snowball; Hebrews 12:28. Because we receive a kingdom. They who have received the Gospel into an honest and good heart have been admitted into and made participants of the kingdom of Christ. Third, the way of the believer's participation of it: we "receive" it. We Christians have received a kingdom which cannot be shaken and which is eternal. First, it signifies that we are admitted into that realm or sphere where Christ is owned as Supreme. perikeimai. ... Hebrews 13:13). The great design of God in the Divine incarnation was the setting up of Christ's kingdom, but before it could be properly established there had to be a mighty shaking in order that the shadows in Judaism might give place to the substance, and that sinners among the Gentiles be made spiritual. But why should this exhortation be needed? Our Hebrews may relapse from the true basis of Christianity to the false foundations of old Judaism—from Zion to Sinai. Psalm 26.1,2 The Lord is my light and my savior. But sin entered, and a radical change ensued. Salem Media Group. which the apostle made in Hebrews 12:26, namely, that under the proclamation of the Gospel there would be a more radical and far-reaching effect produced, than was the case at the giving of the Law, thereby manifesting the superiority of the one over the other. Through Zechariah it was announced, "Behold, Thy King cometh unto thee: He is just and having salvation: lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass" ( Hebrews 9:9). See Hebrews 9:14. Yes, very, when there is nothing to test it; and that is the way that most hold it—in the head, not in the heart. From this consideration let us have grace to serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. The special agency for the extension of it is the organized churches of Christ with their regular ministry. Shortly afterwards, God established His mediatorial kingdom, Abel being its first subject. So too when Paul said, "But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord will, and will know, not the speech of them which are puffed up, but the power. This is plain from the words of Hebrews 12:27, "yet once more." Everything connected with Judaism was made by human hands: even the tables of stone on which were inscribed the ten commandments, God commanded Moses to "hew" ( Exodus 34:1), while the tabernacle and all connected with it was to be "made" according to "the pattern" God showed him ( Exodus 25:8, 9). (, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But: (1) this, though classical Greek, is not Paul's phraseology. But though it had been clearly revealed through the prophets that the Lord Messiah would be a King and have a universal empire, yet the bulk of Abraham's natural descendants entertained a grossly mistaken conception of the true design of Christ's appearing and the real nature of His kingdom, and this mistake produced a most pernicious influence upon their tempers and conduct when the gracious purpose of His advent was fulfilled. yet remains, not as to the trueness of our basis, not as to the faithfulness of God, but as to our own faithfulness. Hebrews 12:28 Translation & Meaning. The Apostle therefore exhorts us to hold fast that grace whereby in the first instance we came to have a saving interest in the kingdom not to be shaken; whereby we were introduced into an experimental knowledge and possession of it; and whereby alone we can maintain a firm hold of it to the end. verses 21, 22). What does this verse really mean? Moreover, every passage in the epistles which speak of Christ's kingdom as a present reality, refutes the theory that His kingdom has been postponed until His second advent: see Colossians 1:13, Revelation l:9—Christ's kingdom existed in the days of John, and he was in it! 12:28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved. The last great dispensational change was made when the Gospel was given to all the world: hence Peter could say, "the end of all things is at hand" ( 1 Peter 4:7), for God has now spoken His last word to mankind. Godly fear; having respect to all God’s commandments. In seeking to define more closely the "we receiving," let us remember the threefold meaning of the term "kingdom." For the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power" ( 1 Corinthians 4:19, 20) he obviously meant, "the spiritual power thereof felt in your hearts.". The time soon came when Jehovah had to say to His servant, "They have not rejected thee, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them" ( 1 Samuel 8:7). &c. = we also having so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us. Hebrews 12:28-29 New International Version (NIV) 28 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe, 29 for our “God is a consuming fire.”[ a] This is seen from the means He used at its first establishment, and His appointments for its support and enlargement—not physical force, but gracious overtures. But in the meanwhile it was difficult to persuade the Hebrews that such was the case, and therefore did the apostle clinch the argument he had made in and the exhortation he had given in verse 26 by quoting a proof-text from their own Scriptures. Here the apostle explains Haggai's "Yet once it is a little while (cf. This was solemnly signified by the Divine rending of the temple veil, and forty years later by the total destruction of the temple itself. The characteristic of our Christian state is that we “have grace,” and have not “fallen back from the grace of God” (Hebrews 12:15). "This kingdom, then, is the rule of Christ in and over the Gospel-state of the church, which the apostle hath proved to be more excellent than that of the Law" (John Owen). Second, His sovereignty as Mediator is derived, being given to Him by the Father as the reward of His obedience and sufferings. Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof" ( Matthew 21:42, 43). At the beginning of human history God's kingdom was realized on this earth, so that there was no need to pray, "Thy kingdom come." With reverence - Literally,with shame. ... Hebrews 12:28. Hebrews 12:28: Therefore ... Do you want to get to the Greek behind the English translations, do Greek word studies, use better dictionaries and commentaries, and not be frightened by the Greek words? times the Israelitish theocracy was the particular sphere of God's kingdom on earth, the domain where His authority was manifested in a special way ( Judges 8:23, 1 Samuel 12:12, Hosea 13:9, 10, etc.). The Stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the Head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes? And again, "My kingdom is not of this world" ( John 18:36): observe He did not say "My kingdom is not in this world," but "not of it." dia. (W. Masselink, "Why the Thousand Years?"). of This word "receiving" also denotes that we have this kingdom from Another: "walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto His kingdom and glory" ( 1 Thessalonians 2:12); "hath not God chosen the poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom?" Those who belong to the former own not God; those who pertain to the latter, profess subjection to Him. The Ease of Ingratitude; Hebrews 12:28-29: Fear And Love; Hebrews 12:29: I'm Afraid Of God; Hebrews 12:29: Living In The Fire; 10,000 ILLUSTRATIONS. The appearing of the Messiah introduced and necessitated a total dissolution of the entire Judaic economy: the Levitical institutions being fulfilled in Christ, they had now served their purpose. Second, He is the moral Governor over the world, for however unconscious they may be of His operations, all men are controlled by Him and their schemings and actions over-ruled for His own ends. This word is qualified by the word 'acceptably.' Hebrews 12:28 AMP - Therefore, since we receive a kingdom - Bible Gateway. App-104. In a way. It is essentially different from the kingdoms of the world, in its origin, nature, end, method of development and continuance. nephos. Потому что Бог наш есть огонь. The design of the Holy Spirit in the whole of this passage ( Hebrews 12:18-29) was to enhance in the Hebrews' estimation the supremacy and excellency of Christ's kingdom, which His Gospel has "brought to light," and of which the believers have been given the right and assurance, for it was to make way for the establishment of Christ's kingdom that those mighty "shakings" occurred. First, He sustains the relation of a gracious Sovereign to His redeemed people, ruling them in love, maintaining their interests, supplying their needs, restraining their foes; training them for His service now and for the glory awaiting them in Heaven. But "once more" means once only, and then no more. This kingdom cannot be moved; it is not like the Jewish dispensation temporary and introductory, but it is abiding. Only here. Christ is now "the Prince of the kings of the earth" ( Revelation 1:5). The throne on which Solomon sat was called "The throne of the kingdom of the Lord" ( 1 Chronicles 28:5). toigaroun, a very emph. Hebrews 12 is the twelfth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. ); to be surrounded with an army of martyrs, not an army of soldiers; to hold a court where paupers, not princes, are freely welcome" (J.C. Philpot). Third, it signifies that we now participate in the blessings of Christ's government. Psalms 119:6; Jeremiah 32:40. "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved let us have grace whereby we may serve God." Hebrews 12:28, ESV: "Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe," Hebrews 12:28, KJV : "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:" The tone of the whole chapter—we might rather say, the whole Epistle—is presented in this combination of “grace” and acceptable service with awe and reverent fear. This became the great theme of the later predictions of the O.T, though the nature and character of what was to come was necessarily depicted under the figures and forms of those material things with which the people were familiar and by those objects of Judaism which were most venerated by them. Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, and offer to God pleasing service and acceptable worship with reverence and awe; But the real partakers of the life of God are tempted on every hand to renounce their hold of grace, through the power of the world, the strength of sin, the subtlety of their unwearied adversary, the unbelief, infidelity, and despondency of their wretched heart. First, His sovereignty as God is essential to His Divine nature, being underived, absolute, eternal, and unchanging. All rights reserved. (See Note.) In affirming that this is a kingdom "which cannot be moved" the apostle emphasized once more the great superiority of Christianity over Judaism, and also showed wherein the kingdom of Christ differs from all the kingdoms of earth, which are subject to commotions and convulsions. Here, then, is further proof that, so far from Haggai's prophecy looking forward to the universal convulsion of nature at the last day, it has already had its fulfillment: believers now actually obtain the fruit of that "shaking," for they "receive" the unshakable kingdom, namely the kingdom of Christ which cannot be moved. Hebrews 12:1–2 is one sentence in the Greek text comprised of a main clause and three subordinate clauses, each introduced by participles. which cannot be moved = immovable. ", "The Lord reigneth, He is clothed with majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength, wherewith He hath girded Himself: the world (i.e. The fatal mistake made by the Jews respecting the true nature of the kingdom of the Messiah lay at the foundation of all the opposition with which they treated Him, and of their own ultimate ruin. There is for us a “throne of grace” to which we may draw near and “find grace” (Hebrews 4:16). This "kingdom which cannot be moved" is but another name for "those things which cannot be shaken" that "remain" of verse 27: it is the substance and reality of what was typed out under the Mosaic economy. By so doing, by heeding the suggestions of the Serpent, the "kingdom of Satan" ( Matthew 12:26) was set up in this world. It is a kingdom of present grace and of future glory, therefore built wholly upon grace and not upon merit; wholly upon the favor of God and not upon the works of the creature. [ see note] και. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The Maker of heaven and earth, the Lord of angels, disdained such things as are highly esteemed among men. Note that v. 3 is introduced by the Greek subordinating conjunction gar, which gives the grounds for the exhortation in vv. The word 'serve' in this verse comes from the Greek word latriea which means worship (cf. Heb 12:28: Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have grace, by which we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. See notes onMatthew 16:18-19; Matthew 19:28; Matthew 26:64; Luke 12:32; Luke 22:69; Colossians 1:13; Revelation 1:6. "Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; Thou shall dash them to pieces like a potter's vessel" ( Psalm 2:9): this speaks of the judiciary acts of His power. By grace we are saved; by grace we are called; by grace we are what we are. A godly fear yet remains, not as to the trueness of our basis, not as to the faithfulness of God, but as to our own faithfulness. διὸ βασιλείαν ἀσάλευτον παραλαμβάνοντες ἔχωμεν χάριν, δι’ ἧς λατρεύωμεν εὐαρέστως τῷ θεῷ μετὰ εὐλαβείας καὶ δέους, Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software. It will never be more precious than when clasped by a dying hand, and clung to with expiring breath. It was when we transferred our allegiance from Satan to Christ that it could be said, "The Father hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of His dear Son" ( Colossians 1:13). On that basis we may. Only here and 1 Timothy 2:9. Mode 1. For even the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many", "by Me kings reign, and princes decree justice", "As Thou has given Him power over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as Thou hast given Him", "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved. New American Standard Version. He has already been "crowned with glory and honor" ( Hebrews 2:9). See notes on, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, A.W. Arising from a deep consciousness of our own unworthiness. Greek. the "world to come" of Hebrews 2:5, the new "world" brought in by Christ) also is established, that it cannot be moved" ( Psalm 93:1, which is parallel with "we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved" ( Hebrews 12:28). Man repudiated the kingship of God, for by transgressing His commandments Adam rejected His sovereignty. Idolatry = idol worship). Hebrews 12:26 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 12:26, NIV: "At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, 'Once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.'" Christ’s church = the Kingdom of heaven = the Kingdom of God. Only here. Hebrews 12:26, ESV: "At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, “Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.”" The last thought connects itself closely with the following verse. 19 For they heard an awesome trumpet blast and a voice so terrible that they begged God to stop speaking. Greek. By His providential operations the Lord Jesus is working in every sphere and causing all the historic movements of peoples and nations, civilized and uncivilized, to further its interests and advance its growth; though at the time of such movements this is hidden from carnal sense. We hope that we made clear in the preceding articles the general idea contained in the citation from the O.T. They, too, were looking for a material kingdom, expecting it to appear in external pomp and glory; and hence they were at a complete loss to apprehend those scriptures which spoke of Christ's kingdom as of a mean and lowly appearance. BRETHREN, let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God… See Hebrews 5:7, the only other occurance. Hebrews 12:29 - for our God is a consuming fire. 18 # Ex 19.16-22; 20.18-21; Dt 4.11,12; 5.22-27. Receiving - as we do, in sure hope, also in possession of the Spirit, the first-fruits (Romans 8:23; Ephesians 1:13). We trust this is now so plain to the reader that further effort on our part to establish the same is unnecessary. The meaning is, that the kingdom of the Redeemer is never to pass away. Hold fast the grace, whereby we may serve God - In every thought, word, and work. The two things are distinguished again in Psalm 2: "Yet have I set My King upon My holy hill of Zion" (verse 6), and "Ask of Me, and I shall give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for Thy possession" (verse 8). StudyLıght.org. In order, therefore, to maintain our interest clear in the kingdom which cannot be shaken, we must hold grace fast; for as soon we cease to do this, we lose our comfortable prospects of this kingdom, and of our own participation in it and its heavenly blessings. Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, τοιγαρουν. ( James 2:5); "Come ye blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world" ( Matthew 25:34); all bring out this thought. Now this kingdom of Christ, considered in its spiritual and inward aspect, believers are said to "receive," that Isaiah, they participate in its privileges and blessings. But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister; and whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. that can be seen and touched. His government over the world, yea, over the entire universe, is administered by a wisely adapted series of means, appointed and directed by Him. It is all of grace, from first to last. Hebrews 12:28. βασιλείαν) a kingdom more magnificent than the present heaven and earth.— παραλαμβάνοντες, receiving) receiving a promise from GOD, accepting with the willingness of faith.— ἔχωμεν χάριν, let us have grace) χάριν ἔχειν, is to have grace … Let us have grace; though the grace by which alone we can render acceptable service to God is his gift, yet we are responsible for possessing it, since it is freely offered to all, and all will have it who do not repel and reject it by a disobedient spirit. The Greek phrase favours this rendering (see 2 Timothy 1:3, Gr.). When Paul refers to the things shaken and removed "as of things that are made," he was far from adding a superfluous clause: it emphasized again the contrast he was drawing. The apostle here draws an inference from what had just been pointed out concerning the shaking and removing of Judaism and the establishing of Christianity. The ancient Greek word translated cloud was a figure of speech indicating a large group, and this is so great a cloud of witnesses. Its spiritual nature is plainly seen from Jehovah's statement, "they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them" ( 1 Samuel 8:7): His throne and scepter was an invisible one. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: to de, Eti hapax deloi ton saleuomenon metathesin os pepoiemenon, ina meine ta me saleuomena. But subjection to Him, even there, was, on the part of the Nation as a whole, but partial and brief. We, believers, receiving a kingdom, are made kings and priests to God. Second, the essential character of this kingdom, in contrast from all others, namely its immoveability—its finality and permanency. Hebrews 13:1. for our God is a consuming fire. (Hebrews 12:28-29) “Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear. ", "Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe.". It designates, first, a sphere of rule, a realm over which the government of Christ extends. The use of Greek rather than Hebrew is doubtless due to the Epistle being intended, not merely for the Hebrew, but for the Hellenistic Jew converts, not only in Palestine, but elsewhere; a view confirmed by the use of the Septuagint. "The Lord reigneth, He is clothed with majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength, wherewith He hath girded Himself: the world (i.e. This is the language of Daniel 7:18. As the main cause of the Jews' infidelity was their erroneous notion of a temporal kingdom of the Messiah, so the principal source of the corruption of Christianity has been the attempt made by Rome and her daughters to turn the spiritual kingdom of Christ into a temporal one, by uniting church and state and seeking to extend it by earthly means. godly fear. For even the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many" ( Mark 10:42-45). Hebrews 12:28 New International Version (NIV) 28 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God … He reigns over all mankind, and those who do not submit themselves to Him as Redeemer, shall yet stand before Him as Judge. Hebrews 12:1) which. Yet not with unmingled joy. Let us consider that the greater our privileges the more our responsibility. "We have received a kingdom that shall never be moved, nor give way to any new dispensation. The former word is that which occupies so important a place in Hebrews 5:7. Only those favored with true spiritual discernment will be able to perceive what the real honors and glories of the Lamb consist of. to a place of flaming fire, darkness, gloom, and whirlwind, as the Israelites did at Mount Sinai. Use this table to … ( Matthew 2:2). That Christ's kingdom is of an altogether different nature and character from the kingdoms of this world is clear from His own teaching: "But Jesus called them to Him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them. We pertain to a kingdom that is permanent and unchanging. "And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain" (verse 27).

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