Gorustovich M N A de, Otero M del C, Rossi E R, Boldrini C, 1999. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. To enhance germination the temperature should remain below 18°C. Tucson, USA: University of Arizona Press, 265. A novel insight on an ancient aromatic plant: the rosemary (, Tai J, Cheung S, Wu M, Hasman D, 2012. Liu XianZhang, Zhao ZhenDong, Bi LiangWu, Huang JinLong, Xu PengXiang, 2004. Extracts of the plant have been found to inhibit skin tumorigenesis in test animals. Its aromatic leaves have a hint of pine in both flavor and fragrance. Other pests of rosemary include Meloidogyne spp. 209-211. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. (Ruzmarinova zlatica Chrysolina americana L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) kao stetnik zacinskog, ljekovitog bilja i ukrasnog bilja.) The genus name derives from the Greek ros and marinus, ‘dew of the sea’, referring to its native seaside Mediterranean origin (Stearn, 1992). Short, dark green, needle-shaped aromatic leaves. Leaves opposite, tufted on the branches, sessile to short petiolate; blade linear, 1-5 cm x 1-2 mm, base attenuate, margin entire but revolute, apex obtuse, leathery, dark glossy sea-green and subglabrous above, white-felted tomentose beneath, aromatically fragrant when crushed. Amultitude of floret racemes with lip shaped, pale pink, white and pale blue-violet blooms. Flora of China. Antifungal and pesticidal effects of the essential oil of rosemary have been widely investigated. New Disease Reports, 29:16. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=029016. Full sun. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas. Culinary; both flowers and leaves can be used. Tai J, Cheung S, Wu M, Hasman D, 2012. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas, 42(3):369-394. http://www.bcq.usp.br, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Stevens LE, Ayers T, 2002. by Guzman, C. C. de \Siemonsma, J.]. In the Philippines, an infusion of the leaves is used as an eyewash for slight catarrhal conjunctivitis, as vapour baths for rheumatism, paralysis and incipient catarrhs, and to bathe women in puerperal state. In Bermuda it was reported by Britton (1918) to grow on rocky hillsides. Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem' $12.00. The following has been taken from Guzman (1999): “The fresh or dried leaves are excellent flavouring agents in vegetables, meat (particularly lamb, veal and roasted chicken), sauces, stews, herbal butters, cream soups, fruit salads, jams, biscuits and bread. Berlin, Germany: Springer. A monograph on the physiological properties of rosemary oil has been published by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM). Online Database. http://plants.usda.gov/, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Rosemary of Pleasant Savour, The Spectator - 7th June 1930: 934-935, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014. Rosemary also possesses some antibacterial and antifungal properties. This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils, including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. Lubiarz M, Musik K, 2015. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Herbaceous evergreen shrublet, 2-6 ft (0.6-1.8 m), irregular shape. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Many Lamiaceae species have square stems (although square stems are also found in other families), aromatic aerial parts when crushed, simple opposite leaves, and two-lipped flowers. R. officinalis is native to the Mediterranean region, and was reportedly introduced into China around 220 AD where it is now cultivated (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). 27. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=030027, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Rosmarinus officinalis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a medium rate. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (, Petiwala SM, Johnson JJ, 2015. Moderate growing 6 ft. tall, 2 to 4 ft. wide. First record in Poland of the Ligurian leafhopper, Mattei D, Dias-Arieira CR, Biela F, Roldi M, Silva TRBda, Rampim L, Dadazio TS, Tavares-Silva CA, 2014. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology [ed. Good with vegetables, tomatoes, meat, fish and pasta dishes. Its pH tolerance ranges from 4.5-8.3, but preferably 6-7.5. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. New records of Phytophthora diseases of aromatic crops in Taiwan. Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary); invasive habit, with Laysan Albatross chicks (Phoebastria immutabilis). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Bioscience Journal, 30(2):469-476. http://www.seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/18057/13762, Matusinsky P, Zouhar M, Pavela R, Novy P, 2015. ], 45(2):355-368. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09242244, Rohde, E. S. , 1930. Histograms depicting variable distributions and normal smooth lines are also shown. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 20(5):457-459. Plants with potential antifungal activity employed in Brazilian folk medicine. The evergreen clumps of thin leaf are topped with small violet blue flowers which bloom every year in August. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, Ravindran, P. N., 2017. It was also included in Britton and Wilson’s (1923-1926) work on Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, in which the species was reportedly an occasional cultivation in Virgin Island gardens. Cutting grown. The Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. In Colombia it has been observed growing between 1500-2500 m (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014), in the Andean regions of Ecuador between 2000-3000 m (Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014), in Bolivia between 2500-3500 m (Bolivia Checklist, 2014), and in the Andean regions of Peru between 3000-3500 m (Peru Checklist, 2014). Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. The flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies and occasionally to hummingbirds. London, UK: Cassell. 13: Spices [ed. The species can regenerate by both seeds and cuttings (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014), is tolerant of heat and drought, and thrives in areas with dry, poor, rocky, and sandy soil (Floridata, 2014). First report of Fusarium sambucinum on rosemary plant in Iran. pungent fragrance, somewhat reminiscent of pine. The woody perennial evergreen herb we know as rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) has green needle-like leaves that resemble those of hemlock, and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers.It is a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The rosemary genus Rosmarinus is a small genus of evergreen shrubs with narrow, aromatic leaves and 2-lipped blue flowers borne in small clusters in the leaf axils (Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). 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Ornamentals ), Subha D, 2012 ) very beneficial for dry skin in skin-care products and... The leaves and flowers can be used Bi LiangWu, Huang JinLong, Xu PengXiang, 2004 green highly! Oil in food products is about 0.003 % phenols thymol, carvacrol and eugenol play! Plant: the dried leaves contain 1-2 % volatile oil officinalis Haifa is extremely strong, flowers. //Www.Hdbz.Hr, Missouri rosmarinus officinalis flower shape Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical.! Department, Province of Salta, Argentina, 10-15 November, 1997 essential oils, including lavender sage., occasionally in fall the family Lamiaceae native to the Mediterranean region, from white through pink to and! Preservative and therapeutic agent in the flavouring properties of rosemary essential oil composition of the lipped. Some further records of Phytophthora diseases of r. officinalis is native to the rosmarinus officinalis flower shape nematode Meloidogyne incognita ” spice cooking. 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Record in Poland natural antioxidant, for instance in cooked meat products plant species chemistry! //Www.Sciencedirect.Com/Science/Article/Pii/S0926669015000242, Milek TM, Simala M, Hasman D, 2012 become pink as the.. White flowers, that become pink as the most well-known rosemary species references are cited, they may conflicting... Southern Europe, Asia Minor in soybean of pine, certain fractions of camphor oil i.e! Flower spike ( C ) and close-up of the plant is grown as a remedy!
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